Subject: History / Latin America / South America

Subject: History / Latin America / South America

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A Coffee Frontier

|9780822956327|Land, Society, and Politics in Duaca, Venezuela, 1830–1936|This study views the economic transformation of Duaca, Venezuela into a major coffee export center in the late nineteenth century. Yarrington examines the rise of the peasantry to prosperity, yet they later lost their stature as the local elite allied itself with the state to restructure society and coffee production on its own terms in the twentieth-century. The book is a pioneering study on peasant studies, export-led development, the relationship of state and society, and the consolidation of nation-states in Latin America.| Douglas Yarrington| Pitt Latin American Series| History / General History /…

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Urban Poverty, Political Participation, and the State

|9780822956679|Lima, 1970–1990|Urban Poverty, Political Participation, and the State offers an unparalleled longitudinal view of how the urban poor saw themselves and their neighborhoods and how they behaved and organized to provide their neighborhoods with basic goods and services. Grounding research on theoretical notions from Albert Hirschman and an analytical framework from Verba and Nie, Dietz produces findings that hold great interest for comparativists and students of political behavior in general.| Henry Dietz| Pitt Latin American Series| History / Latin America / South America Political Science / General Political Science / Political Process / Elections Political Science / Public Policy /…

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The Two-Headed Household

|9780822956778|Gender and Rural Development in the Ecuadorean Andes|The Two-Headed Household is an ethnographic account of gender relations and intrahousehold decisionmaking as well as a policy-oriented study of gender and development in the indigenous Andean community of Chanchalo, Ecuador. HamiltonÆs main argument is that the households in these farming communities are “two-headed.” Men and women participate equally in agricultural production and management, in household decisionmaking, and share in the reproductive tasks of child care, food preparation, and other chores. Based on qualitative fieldwork and regional household survey data, this book investigates the effect on women's lives of gender bias in agricultural…

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School Choice In Chile

|9780822956785|Two Decades of Educational Reform| School Choice in Chile examines the dramatic educational decentralization and privatization of schools in Chile. In the early 1980s, the Pinochet regime decentralized schooling, providing vouchers for parental choice of public or private schools. At the same time, the government supposedly gave the administration of schools to local municipalities. Although the reform has merit and is defended by some as a major achievement, Varun Gauri shows the many ways in which it has not worked. In this process of reform, neither the administration of schools nor school content was really decentralized from the Ministry of…

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The Friendly Liquidation of the Past

|9780822957294|The Politics of Diversity in Latin America|Constitutional reform has been one of the most significant aspects of democratization in late twentieth century Latin America. In The Friendly Liquidation of the Past—one of the first texts to examine this issue comprehensively —Van Cott focuses on the efforts of Bolivia and Colombia to incorporate ethnic rights into their fragile democracies. In the1990s, political leaders and social movements in Bolivia and Colombia expressed dissatisfaction with the quality of democracy–its exclusionary nature, the distance and illegitimacy of the state, and the empty promise of citizenship. The highly symbolic act of constitution making elevated a…

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