Between Europe and Asia

The Origins, Theories, and Legacies of Russian Eurasianism

Goes a long way toward meeting the need for a multicisciplinary and multiethnic understanding of this important and fascinating current in modern Russian history. [These essays] advance our understanding of Eurasianism's origins, the contexts within which it took shape as a movement among emigre and exile circles in interwar Europe, and its legacies across time and space—from interwar Japan to late Soviet and contemporary Russia. This volume should help readers formulate their own answers to key questions on Russia's historical identity and the future trajectory of the post-Soviet space and the peoples that inhabit that space.
Russian Review

Between Europe and Asia analyzes the origins and development of Eurasianism, an intellectual movement that proclaimed the existence of Eurasia, a separate civilization coinciding with the former Russian Empire. The essays in the volume explore the historical roots, the heyday of the movement in the 1920s, and the afterlife of the movement in the Soviet and post-Soviet periods. The first study to offer a multifaceted account of Eurasianism in the twentieth century and to touch on the movement’s intellectual entanglements with history, politics, literature, or geography, this book also explores Eurasianism’s influences beyond Russia.
The Eurasianists blended their search for a primordial essence of Russian culture with radicalism of Europe’s interwar period. In reaction to the devastation and dislocation of the wars and revolutions, they celebrated the Orthodox Church and the Asian connections of Russian culture, while rejecting Western individualism and democracy. The movement sought to articulate a non-European, non-Western modernity, and to underscore Russia’s role in the colonial world. As the authors demonstrate, Eurasianism was akin to many fascist movements in interwar Europe, and became one of the sources of the rhetoric of nationalist mobilization in Vladimir Putin’s Russia. This book presents the rich history of the concept of Eurasianism, and how it developed over time to achieve its present form.

about the editors

Mark Bassin

Mark Bassin is research professor of the history of ideas in the Center for Baltic and East European Studies at Södertörn University, Stockholm. He is the author of Imperial Visions: Nationalist Imagination and Geographical Expansion in the Russian Far East, 1840-1865 and co-edited Soviet and Post-Soviet Identities and Space, Place, and Power in Modern Russia: Essays in the New Spatial History.

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Mark Bassin
Sergey Glebov

Sergey Glebov is assistant professor of Russian history at Smith College and Amherst College. Glebov is the founding editor of Ab Imperio: Studies in Nationalism and New Imperial History in the Post-Soviet Space.

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Sergey Glebov
Marlene Laruelle

Marlene Laruelle, Ph.D., is an Associate Director and Research Professor at the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies (IERES), Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University. She is also a Co-Director of the Program on New Approaches to Research and Security in Eurasia (PONARS Eurasia) and Director of George Washington University’s Central Asia Program.

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Marlene Laruelle