Gregory Carleton offers a comprehensive literary and cultural history of sex and society in the Soviet Union during the 1920s. The Bolshevik Revolution promised a total transformation of Russian society, down to its most intimate details. But in the years immediately following 1917, it was by no means clear how this would come about. Sex and sexuality became a crucial battleground for debates about the Soviet future, and literature emerged as a primary domain through which sex could be imagined and discussed.Despite optimistic claims that bolshevism would overcome bourgeois depravity, the writings of the 1920s in all genres were awash in sexual adventure, promiscuity, various chauvinisms, date and gang rape, unwanted pregnancy, and sexually transmitted diseases, as well as sex-related alcohol abuse, depression, and suicide. In discussions about sex, party officials contradicted themselves, sociologists grappled with difficult social problems, and writers experimented in fictional form with modern identities and relationships.Drawing on an uncommonly varied body of sources, including novels, journals, diaries, sociological research, public health brochures, surveys, and party documents-many examined here for the first time in English-Carleton reveals the dramatic, bizarre, and intriguing ways the sexual revolution was discussed and represented. Amidst this chaos, he discerns a historical process of codification and reaction, leading ultimately to the quelling of debate in the 1930s through the harsh dictates of Stalinism.Sexual Revolution in Bolshevik Russia challenges Western writers who portray revolutionary Russia as either prudish or hedonistic by reconstructing a fuller picture of what circulated in Bolshevik culture and why. Carleton brings a complex human dimension to the subject, demonstrating that this controversy should not be viewed as a sideshow curiosity, but rather as a central aspect of the dramatic debates on early Soviet literature and culture.
Provides a colorful, detailed canvas of early Soviet society as the author explores the 'sexual question' that obsessed so many young communists during the 1920s. . . . Will be required reading for anyone who is interested in the issue of sexuality in revolutionary Russia.
Valuable for its analysis of the development of Soviet literature in the years 1926 to 1930.
A genuinely compelling narrative of the stormy debates surrounding the all-important issue of sex and sexuality during the first decade of Soviet Power. Carleton's great achievement [lies] in the powerful lens of sex to spotlight the spectrum of ideological and discursive diversity that characterized the culture and ideology of the 1920s Soviet Union.
Intelligent and engaging.
Gregory Carleton, associate professor of Russian at Tufts University and an associate at the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard University, is the author of The Politics of Reception: Critical Constructions of Mikhail Zoshchenko.learn more