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May 2016
384 pages  
97 b&w Illustrations
6 x 9
9780822944416
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What Makes a Good Experiment?
Reasons and Roles in Science
Franklin , Allan
What makes a good experiment? Although experimental evidence plays an essential role in science, there is no algorithm or simple set of criteria for ranking or evaluating good experiments, and therefore no definitive answer to the question. Experiments can, in fact, be good in any number of ways: conceptually good, methodologically good, technically good, and pedagogically important. This book provides details of good experiments, with examples from physics and biology.
Allan Franklin is professor of physics at the University of Colorado. He has twice been chair of the Forum on the History of Physics of the American Physical Society and has served two terms on the executive council of the Philosophy of Science Association. In 2016, Franklin received the Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics from the American Physical Society. He is the author of eleven books, including, most recently, Shifting Standards: Experiments in Particle Physics in the Twentieth Century.
“A very useful sourcebook of classic experiments, giving enough detail to show what is going on in each of them but discussing enough separate experiments that one can see a variety of experimental virtures. Responsible and well-informed.”—Metascience

"This book is obviously relevant for any philosopher of science working in the epistemology of experiment, but I would also recommend it to anyone who needs their view of experiments as testers of theory updated with a more nuanced and variegated picture."—Philosophy of Science

"Well suited for historians and philosophers of science with a strong background in particle physics. The endnotes and references are ample for further study."—Choice

“The variety of experiments discussed in this work are well explained, both in terms of their execution and their scientific contexts. Only Allan Franklin has the right combination of background and interests to produce a volume on experimentation in physics that has both the broad range and the detailed understanding evidenced here.”—Kent Staley, Saint Louis University

“Allan Franklin’s analysis of various relevant experiments raises important philosophical issues and also provides insightful ideas that one can develop further. His books have proven an invaluable source for the purposes of philosophical and historical analysis of experimentation, and What Makes a Good Experiment? is no exception.”—Slobodan Perovic, University of Belgrade

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What makes a good experiment? Although experimental evidence plays an essential role in science, as Franklin argues, there is no algorithm or simple set of criteria for ranking or evaluating good experiments, and therefore no definitive answer to the question. Experiments can, in fact, be good in any number of ways: conceptually good, methodologically good, technically good, and pedagogically important. And perfection is not a requirement: even experiments with incorrect results can be good, though they must, he argues, be methodologically good, providing good reasons for belief in their results. Franklin revisits the same important question he posed in his 1981 article in the British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, when it was generally believed that the only significant role of experiment in science was to test theories. But experiments can actually play a lot of different roles in science—they can, for example, investigate a subject for which a theory does not exist, help to articulate an existing theory, call for a new theory, or correct incorrect or misinterpreted results. This book provides details of good experiments, with examples from physics and biology, illustrating the various ways they can be good and the different roles they can play.
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