Raymona E. Hull was professor emeritus of English at Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
“Using the letters, journals, and notebooks that are now available, Raymona E. Hull traces the fortunes of Hawthorne and his family in England, in Italy, and (to a lesser degree) in Concord during the 1860s. Her account of the English years is sensitive and detailed: what emerges is a portrait not only of Hawthorne the consul and established writer but of Hawthorne the husband and father.”—American Literature
In 1853, when he was forty-nine and at the height of his literary career, Nathaniel Hawthorne accepted the post of U.S. consul at Liverpool, England, as a reward for writing the campaign biography of his college friend President Franklin Pierce. Hawthorne’s departure for Europe marked a turning point in his life. While Our Old Home, shrewd essays on his observations in England, The Marble Faun, a romance set in Italy, and the English Notebooks and French and Italian Notebooks were all results of his European residence, he returned to Concord in 1860 frustrated, depressed, and sick. He died in 1864.